A fracture can be a complete break in the continuity of a bone or an incomplete break or a hairline crack. According to their aetiology, it may be subdivided into three groups:
- Fracture caused solely by sudden injury
- Fatigue or stress fractures
- Pathological fracture
Some fractures require surgery to correct it but some can recover by itself with a proper protection such as cast or immobilizer.
Open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) may be advised if:
- It is impossible in a closed fracture to maintain an acceptable position by splinting alone or in combination with traction
- When it is necessary to operate a fractured bone to secure sufficient reduction
- To initiate early control of limb fractures and accelerate the healing
- As an optional method in certain fractures to allow early mobility of the patient
Physical therapy is extremely important in the management of fractures, with or without surgery, to help them restore joint function, muscle strength and functional mobility. The quality of life during the recovery period can be maximized through a physiotherapy rehabilitation program by providing proper patient education, protection and assistance. By following appropriate exercise protocol, many secondary complications can be prevented, such as poor blood circulation, muscle atrophy, joint stiffness and so on.
To know more about physiotherapy management of fractures at MoveFree Physio, please contact us.