Lower Back Surgeries

Lower back surgeries are one of the commonly performed procedures when non-surgical treatments fail to reduce back pain symptoms, especially those related to compression of the nerve roots causing leg symptoms.

There are two main types of back surgeries:

  • Decompression surgeries
  • Lumbar spinal fusion surgery

At MoveFree Physio we provide post-operative rehabilitation for all types of back surgeries. The rehabilitation protocol is aimed at:

  • Reducing post-operative pain
  • Regaining lower back range of motion
  • Regaining functional mobility, strength and flexibility of the lumbar spine
  • Regaining lumbopelvic stability
  • Patient education on posture, movement and ergonomic correction
  • Addressing fear avoidance behavior and lack of confidence
  • Graded return to sport/ gym

Here are some of the common back surgeries performed to reduce back pain and leg symptoms:


This procedure is typically performed for a herniated disc, a part of the disc material under the nerve root and/or small part of the bone over the nerve root is taken out. Microdiscectomy is considered a relatively reliable surgery for immediate, or nearly immediate, relief of sciatica from a lumbar herniated disc.


Lumbar Laminectomy is also known as open decompression, where the surgeon removes the rear portion of one or more spinal bones (lamina), to alleviate pain caused by neural impingement that can result from lumbar spinal stenosis.

Lumbar Spinal Fusion

Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure to join two or more vertebrae into a single structure. This is to stop movement between two bones and prevent back pain. Fusion surgery basically removes the soft tissues between two or more adjacent vertebrae and replace them with bone or metal. The most reliable indication for lumbar fusion includes spondylolisthesis, instability, fracture, degenerative disc disease, and stenosis.